Episode 174

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Зроблено Alex Murray and Ubuntu Security Team і знайдено завдяки Player FM та нашій спільноті. Авторські права належать видавцю, а не Player FM, і аудіоматеріали транслюються безпосередньо з сервера видавця. Натисніть на кнопку Підписатися, щоб слідкувати за оновленнями в Player FM або скопіюйте і вставте посилання на канал до іншої програми для подкастів.

Overview

This week we cover the debate around the decision in Ubuntu 22.10 to disable presenting platform security assessments to end users via GNOME, plus we look at security updates for zlib, PostgreSQL, the Linux kernel, Exim and more.

This week in Ubuntu Security Updates

12 unique CVEs addressed

[USN-5570-1, USN-5573-1] zlib and rsync vulnerability [00:43]

  • 1 CVEs addressed for zlib in Trusty ESM (14.04 ESM), Xenial ESM (16.04 ESM), Bionic (18.04 LTS)
  • 1 CVEs addressed for rsync in Xenial ESM (16.04 ESM), Bionic (18.04 LTS), Focal (20.04 LTS)
  • Heap-buffer over-read via crafted gzip header - requires an application to call the inflateGetHeader() function so not everything that uses zlib would be affected - impact is DoS via crash
  • Also turns out the original fix introduced a regression upstream so required a couple different patches to fix this
    • thankfully by the time we got around to patching this the regression had already been identified and fixed upstream but some other distros who were quicker off-the-mark were affected by the regression
  • Also affects rsync in older Ubuntu releases since it contains a vendored copy of zlib - but on newer releases rsync uses the system install zlib and so once that is patched then rsync is also effectively patched too

[USN-5571-1] PostgreSQL vulnerability [02:12]

  • 1 CVEs addressed in Bionic (18.04 LTS), Focal (20.04 LTS), Jammy (22.04 LTS)
  • Allowed possible code execution as the postgres superuser via various extensions - some of these are bundled with postgres itself and some may come from external sources - was fixed however in the core postgres server so no need to modify/fix other extensions to remediate this vuln - just need to update to this new patched version

[USN-5572-1] Linux kernel (AWS) vulnerabilities [02:45]

  • 3 CVEs addressed in Xenial ESM (16.04 ESM)
  • 4.4 16.04 ESM AWS
  • 3 issues all in Xen paravirtualisation handling - 1 in virtual block driver and another in the PV frontend - both of which failed to properly initialise memory - could then allow a local attacker to see guest memory contents
  • Third one - memory mgmt issue in PV frontend which could end up sharing unrelated data when communicating with various backends - could then possibly lead to a crash of the guest or info leak of guest memory etc

[USN-5577-1] Linux kernel (OEM) vulnerabilities [03:38]

  • 2 CVEs addressed in Focal (20.04 LTS)
  • 5.14 OEM kernels
  • Intel 10GbE PCI Express driver - insufficient control flow management -> local DoS
  • Framebuffer driver failed to verify size limits when changing font / screen sizes -> OOB write -> DoS/codeexec->privesc

[USN-5574-1] Exim vulnerability [04:11]

  • 1 CVEs addressed in Trusty ESM (14.04 ESM), Xenial ESM (16.04 ESM), Bionic (18.04 LTS), Focal (20.04 LTS)
  • Single-byte heap buffer overflow when doing a host name lookup under certain configurations - failed to account for terminating NUL byte and so could overwrite this and hence leave a string without a trailing NUL - run of end of string -> subsequent further buffer overflow
  • https://github.com/ivd38/exim_overflow
  • Requires to have set a custom configuration where the value of one config items references the global variable sender_host_name so unlikely to affect most installations

[USN-5575-1, USN-5575-2] Libxslt vulnerabilities [05:06]

  • 2 CVEs addressed in Trusty ESM (14.04 ESM), Xenial ESM (16.04 ESM), Bionic (18.04 LTS), Focal (20.04 LTS), Jammy (22.04 LTS)
  • originally reported against blink (chromium browser engine) - heap corruption via crafted HTML
  • plus type confusion bug when handling crafted XML -> heap buffer overflow as well

[USN-5576-1] Twisted vulnerability [05:41]

  • 1 CVEs addressed in Jammy (22.04 LTS)
  • HTTP desync - form of HTTP request smuggling
  • parsed various HTTP requests more leniently than permitted by RFC 7230 - can then allow requests which should have been blocked and hence lead to desync if requests pass though multiple parsers -> request smuggling -> access to privileged endpoints etc

[USN-5578-1] Open VM Tools vulnerability [06:23]

  • 1 CVEs addressed in Bionic (18.04 LTS), Focal (20.04 LTS), Jammy (22.04 LTS)
  • VMWare OpenVM Tools - failed to properly check access controls on certain requests - could then allow a local user who has non-admin access to a guest VM to escalate privileges and gain root within the VM

Goings on in Ubuntu Security Community

Ubuntu 22.10 To Disable GNOME 43’s ‘Device Security’ Panel [07:09]

  • https://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2022/08/ubuntu-22-10-device-security-panel-disabled
  • GNOME 43 (Ubuntu 22.10 / Kinetic Kudu) has as new Device Security Panel in GNOME Control Center / Settings
  • Shows an assessment of the security of the hardware platform
    • HSI security levels for the host
    • https://fwupd.github.io/libfwupdplugin/hsi.html
    • Designed to raise awareness of platform security issues to put pressure on vendors to build and provide security configurations OOTB
    • LVFS analyses firmware binaries to determine how they then affect the security of hardware platforms
    • fwupd then assesses the hardware platform settings in conjuction with the details from LVFS for the firmware of the machine and the results can be viewed in g-c-c
    • Includes details like:
    • Unfortunately for most of these options, there is not a lot a user can do to easily increase their security / get to a higher level of conformance
    • So showing this could just alarm users when there is no good action they can take to remediate it
      • especially from the GUI - some of this could be done at a more low-level but this has the chance of breaking things
      • e.g. could try and potentially recompile everything with CET enabled (this is already done in Ubuntu for the vast majority of packages but not for the kernel - still waiting on Intel to upstream patches required to make this work)
      • but if you do this there is a good chance you could break your install if you don’t get it right
    • Ideally if GNOME wants to display security information to the user, especially if they want to try and increase security awareness etc, this needs to be actionable - and be actionable from the same place as the info is displayed - ie in g-c-c itself
    • and if g-c-c is going to then trigger steps to try and make things more secure for the user this needs to be super robust to make sure we still don’t brick machines etc
    • so overall, for Ubuntu the desktop and security teams feel this is not ready to be included for Ubuntu 22.10 in such a prominent way
      • users can already get the same info via fwupd already (even in Ubuntu 22.04 LTS)
         fwupdmgr security 
      • interesting to note this shows a message:
         The HSI specification is not yet complete. To ignore this warning, use --force 
      • so even fwupd developers realise this is perhaps still not ready for prime time
    • So the question then as LVFS/fwupd developer Richard Hughes put it: “I suppose that not knowing is more secure?”
    • And as I responded in the LP bug - at this stage yes, since currently it would just create alarm with no easy actions for a user to take to remediate it - since then there is a risk of DoS by say enabling secure boot when unknowingly using unsigned drivers etc

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